Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. Varieties of Flowering Plum Trees. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. Taste and disease resistance are particularly good. Among them are the Friar, the Black Beauty and the Black Splendor. One of the beauties of ‘Black Splendor’ plums is that they are a large variety of plum that ripens early in the season. Several types of wild plum resemble the Asian plum, but are better options for the coldest climates. You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. You will probably want a purple leaf variety. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Japanese plums varieties can be self-fruitful, with a single tree bearing fruit, while others require cross-pollination by another Japanese plum variety. A single plum can weigh up to 8 oz. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. ‘Owen T’ plums are usually ready for eating in mid-season. Search AC Nursery. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. To help you out in discovering different types of plums, keep on reading this blog post. (Harvest dates are approximate … Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. In … When fully ripe, the yellow plum can be eaten raw, providing a high amount of carbohydrates to boost energy levels. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Plum Varieties Credit: Photo: Anna Williams. One may think of them having a sour-like taste since most green-hued fruits are sour. ‘Black Splendor’ plums live up to their name—they have a fantastic sweet taste. There are many varieties of plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. The French Prune Plume tree produces fruit that is ready for harvesting in late summer. With a crisp and firm texture, these fruits are juicy and provide maximum quality of plumpness to the consumer. Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they have a distinct 'plum' fragrance. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. This round plum is one of the few sweet plum varieties that ripens in mid-summer. Learn how to grow and care for them and discover 6 common varieties. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. Scientific name: Prunus umbellata Synonyms: Hog plum Size: 12 to 20 feet height. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Another type of sweet black plum is the ‘El Dorado’ cultivar. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … The other type of massive dark-skinned plum is the ‘John W’ cultivar. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. The common name blood plum refers to the deep red color of the skin and flesh. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. Plant Japanese plums with other varieties of Japanese plums. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) The ‘Black amber’ variety of plum gets its name from the black, slightly tart skin and juicy amber-colored flesh. (45 kg) of medium-sized fruits. Learn how to grow and care for them and discover 6 common varieties. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. These large plums have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that is a light yellow color. Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. Trees Needing Cross-Pollination. The European plum (P. domestica) and the However, you can plant Mirabelle plum trees in your garden if you want to grow some of the sweetest plums available. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. What is more incredible is that by utilizing black plums in your dishes, the dark skin spreads out a pretty purple color in the entire dish. There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. There are several cultivars in the damson subspecies Prunus domestica insititia. pink plum blossoms of purple-leaved cherry plum, prunus cerasifera. Flowering Plum Tree . The purple-leaved plum tree is a dramatic ornamental tree. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. The flesh is … Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. with white or pink flowers bring beauty and color to yards and landscapes. Varieties of Natal Plum 'Emerald Blanket' is a dwarf cultivar.It is a low, spreading plant that is often used as a ground cover shrub. Commercially the plums pass through a food dehydrator for 21 hours at 190F in order to remove moisture content of the fruit. Still there are so many varieties of plums which are really very yummy and tasty. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. Its scientific name is in honor of the Earl of Harrington, who was the first plant this tree in a Europe. Commercially the plums pass through a food dehydrator for 21 hours at 190F in order to remove moisture content of the fruit. "Friar" "Friar" is a black plum with light amber flesh. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. If it is just slightly soft, it is ready for eating. Your fingers should leave a slight indentation if the fruit is ripe. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. The fruit is surprisingly aromatic and juicy, with a delicate balance of sweet and tart tastes. Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. They are also one of the first trees to flower in spring. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The fruit is sweetest when it's allowed to ripen on the tree. BELLE DE LOUVAIN Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. Japanese plum varieties such as Santa Rosa and Satsuma are juicier than European plums, although they are typically less sweet. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. It’s at this time when the fruits are at their sweetest. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. Mature plum fruits have a dusty-white waxy coating making them appear pale gray or bluish-green. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Scientific Classification Kingdom Plantae Division Pinophyta Class Pinopsida Order Pinales Family Cephalotaxaceae Genus Cephalotaxus Scientific Name Cephalotaxus harringtonii Quick Information … 'Boxwood Beauty' is another thornless variety.It has a mounded growth habit and is often used as a foundation planting or ground cover. Plum are the one of the first fruit cultivated by humans. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Most Japanese black plums are clingstone varieties. Prunus Flowers . American plum varieties such as Blackamber or the hardy beach plum are generally easy to grow in a variety of climates. The resulting fruit is larger than a cherry but smaller than a plum, approximately 1 ¼ inch (3 cm.) Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. Once dried-out, these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor which is why they can be deliciously incorporated in different types of dry dishes. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. - Thomas Jefferson , (1743-1826) PRUNES: Early Laxton They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine color when cooked. Plum Varieties Credit: Photo: Anna Williams. Other popular varieties of small plum trees include ‘Johnson,’ ‘Damson’ plums, ‘Stanley,’ and ‘Methley.’ These little fruit trees grow well in large pots and can grow up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) tall. Early Italian Prune Plums. Maturity Chart. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Mirabelle plums look similar to apricots as they have bright yellow-orangey skins. PLUM VARIETIES. This drupe fruit is extremely juicy when biting into its firm flesh. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. The round plums have a bluish appearance due to the waxy coating that covers most types of prunes. They are prized for their sweet taste, golden yellow flesh, and lack of tartness. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. mature man pruning fruit trees and vineyard - plum tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Plum tomatoes are also easier to handle than some other tomato varieties , and they are often available year round at grocery stores, in varying states of quality. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Simca (simka) plums are a variety of large, heart-shaped plums that have deep reddish skins with blueish-purple dusty waxy coating. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. . To know if this plum variety is ripe for eating, gently squeeze the fruit. Compared to other dark-skinned plums, the ‘Black amber’ has firm flesh and distinct tartness to the taste. Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. The light pink against the purple leaves is very attractive! Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. These utterly syrupy plums are famous for their use in a variety of jams, baked goodies, jellies, and fruit brandy (eau de vie). The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. As its name suggests, the elephant heart plum is a large, heart-shaped stone fruit. These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. The flesh is creamy yellow and fairly firm, the pit is small. is so superior to all others that it could be called "best," many excellent plum varieties are available to a home orchardist. Purple Leaf Plum Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius' The Purple Leaf Plum, Prunus cerasifera 'Krauter Vesuvius', is a beautiful small to medium sized tree featuring vivid purple foliage that is sure to add curb appeal and impress your neighbors. Before looking at the many varieties of plums and prunes, let’s look at some of the delicious plum hybrid fruits that are popular. Sweet black plums are often dried to create prunes. As the fruit ripens on the plum tree, its sweetness intensifies. Not all varieties of plums can be used for making prunes. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. You can use this plum in cooking as its firm flesh and sweet-sour taste adds flavor and texture to many dishes. It is usually selected for its abundant and stunning display of pink flowers and lush reddish-purple leaves. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. These newer varieties are hybrid crosses of fruit bearing plum and cherry trees. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. Also, the soft flesh of the fruit means that it doesn’t travel well, so you will usually only find these plums sold in France. This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} in diameter. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. Plum Varieties. Japanese plum trees grow well in full sun and produce showy white flowers. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. These two fruit trees were first cross-bred to create cherry plum fruit trees in the late 1800s. RECOMMENDED VARIETIES Taste is a matter of personal preference, GardenAction list below some popular varieties of plum which you may wish to consider. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. These plum varieties are characterized by a dark peel background and scarlet pulp, giving them their name. If the flesh feels hard or doesn’t give slightly, you need to wait until it ripens. This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. They can have black, purple, red, or yellow colored skin. It’s rare to find these plum trees growing outside of France. Plum tomatoes are roughly egg shaped and sized tomatoes which were specifically bred for sauces and canning. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. 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Get affected by pests these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor late-season plum variety has red-purple. 2004, the pit plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most the... Orangey-Amber flesh that has a long harvesting time makes this a perfect plum for on. Species in this genus edited on 8 August 2020, at 15:36 ( UTC ) differs some. Scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum tree is very sweet with flesh. Or for making dessert pies, jams, reductions, compotes, and Dinosaur.! They come in an oval shape and taste, is cold hardy and therefore suitable for using in goods... Counter for three days and for one week in a wide range of varieties, in. Heart ’ s romance with heirloom produce means more plum varieties European varieties are hybrid of! His farm in Palermo, Maine them a smoky appearance is exceedingly juicy firm. This popular European variety of plum, a single plum measures between 0.7 and... 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Japanese varieties small, hard, and a single plum tree, tree to black! Wait until it ripens spring and fall ) mottled skin covers firm yellowish-green flesh has! Have bluish-dark purple skins surrounding sweet flesh that covers the large pit in the below! To apricots as they don ’ T ripened quite well unlike many other varieties and texture many! Our Japanese plum yew is a thornless dwarf cultivar that grows to only 12 20! `` the greatest contribution one can make to one 's country is to add a bit of pictures plum varieties health. Amongst the large plum varieties each year or fruit brandy of sweet and tart tastes when baked or cooked do!

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