Well known species includes Ziziphus jujuba (jujube), Ziziphus spina-christi from southwestern Asia, Ziziphus lotus from the Mediterranean region, and ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), which is found from western Africa to India. weight of 1000 seeds = 334 gram Ziziphus oenoplia in Shamirpet, Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Common names: Lotus jujube, African jujube, Lotus tree, Lote fruit Botanical name & synonyms: Ziziphus lotus, Rhamnus lotus Family: Buckthorn Family (Rhamnaceae) n ative to Mediterranean region. The Hebrew name: שיזף, sheizaf, from Arabic zizouf. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) In ancient times the fruits were an article of food among the poor, and… The flowers are small, inconspicuous yellow-green. Ziziphus celata is listed as an endangered species in the United States. 1 synonym for Ziziphus lotus: lotus tree. Gray) A. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region, like Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya except France and Italy. [1] It is closely related to Ziziphus zizyphus (Jujube), and is often regarded as the Lotus tree of Greek mythology. In excessively sandy or clay soils which may be affected by standing water, the plants do not grow well. They are temperate or tropical plants, having a great range. Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. What does ziziphus lotus mean? Preferred Scientific Name; Ziziphus lotus Preferred Common Name; wild jujube Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Fruits The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Ziziphus obtusifolia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. It is also added as a base in meals and in the manufacture of candy. flower III to IV. View abstract. The fruit from the tree was being sold to pilgrims and its leaves used for washing dead bodies. Ziziphus. Ziziphus mairei Dode; Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. General Information Ziziphus lotus is an intricately branched, spiny, deciduous shrub, sometimes becoming more tree-like; it usually grows up to 3 metres tall[11. Secondly, seed dispersal is carried out by mammals or fishes. Common names in Arabic are sidr , rubeida ("after its crouch-shaped treetop"), nbeg in Tunisia and annab in Lebanon. The World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP) As Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. [6] Elsewhere in the Arab world the European and Chinese jujubes are also associated with the Lote-trees (sidr). ID 89739 Symbol Key ZILO Common Name lotus jujube Family Rhamnaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant … A sacred lotus tree planted near the temple of Vulcan in Rome was said to have been planted by Romulus, who is said to have been a contemporary of the composer[s] of the Odyssey (8th century BCE); it was still standing some 700 years later, in the time of Pliny the Elder. Terminal (leaf) node. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ziziphus (family Rhamnaceae). Zizyphus lotus , belonging to the Rhamnaceae family, is a deciduous shrub which generally grows in arid and semiarid regions of the globe. Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. It is believed to nourish the heart yin, augment the liver blood, and calm the spirit (TCM medical terms). Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. Gray; Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. Ziziphus lotus is a deciduous shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, including the Sahara in Morocco and also Somalia. Common name i-Synonym i-Other names i ›Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. The generic name is derived via classical Latin from Hellenistic Greek, where it is presumed to have been borrowed from another language, perhaps from zizfum or zizafun, the Persian word for Z. Ziziphus lotus is often regarded as the lotus tree of Greek mythology. It is cultivated and eaten fresh, dry, and in jam. Ziziphus rugosa Lam. The fruits are an important source for birds, which eat the whole fruit and regurgitate the seeds intact, expanding the seeds in the best conditions for germination (ornithochory). In deciduous species in tropical, subtropical, and arid regions, leaf loss coincides with the dry season. Common name/ Κοινό όνομα: Wild jujube, Lotus tree, Παλλούρα, Κονναρκά Family/Οικογένεια: RHAMNACEAE Description Ziziphus lotus is a perennial deciduous and dense shrub growing up to 2m high. moderately frost resistant. Nelumbo nucifera is commonly called “Sacred Lotus” or “Indian Lotus”, while Nelumbo Lutea is also known as “American Lotus”. Antonyms for Ziziphus lotus. Other articles where Ziziphus lotus is discussed: lotus: …the Greeks was the species Ziziphus lotus of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), a bush native to southern Europe. f.) Wight & Arn. The edible fruit is a globose dark yellow drupe 1–1.5 cm diameter. ex Torr. . The common name is derived from the Latin “lotus” and Greek “lotos”, name used for several plants before it came to mean Egyptian white lotus (Nymphaea lotus). The ecological requirements of the genus are mostly those of vigorous species with a great ability to propagate in conducive habitats. As Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. They are most abundant where annual average temperatures are between 12 °C (54 °F) and 35 °C (95 °F) and minimum winter temperatures are not lower than −2 °C (28 °F). Common Name: No Image. Sarcomphalus P.Browne[2]. They grow mostly in tropical forests but have also been found in stubbles, pastures, coastal ranges, tropical mountain areas, and wet to dry interior regions. The family is distributed throughout tropical and subtropical areas and in cloud forest. 2013 Apr 10;61(14):3351-63. It is one of several species … It is used to treat irritability, insomnia and heart palpitations. [9], Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "The Sidrah (Lote-Tree) and the Sidrat al-Muntaha (Lote-Tree of the Extremity): Some Apects of their Islamic and Bābī-Bahā'ī Iintepretations", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ziziphus_lotus&oldid=980996515, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DGRBM with no wstitle or title parameter, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 17:51. Lotus tree scientifically known as Ziziphus lotus is a deciduous shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae. Ziziphus, the ancient Greeks called the tree zizyphon, from the Arabic zizouf, a name for the mythical lotus. Pages in category "Ziziphus lotus" This category contains only the following page. The mythological lotus tree which occurs in Homer's Odyssey is often equated with Z. lotus, though the date palm is also a possible candidate. The lotus of the Greeks was the species Ziziphus lotus of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), a bush native to southern Europe. Many species are very sensitive to drought, and if the land is excessively dry and of calcareous nature, they may resent the lack of moisture. Synonyms for Ziziphus lotus in Free Thesaurus. Definition of ziziphus lotus in the Definitions.net dictionary. J Agric Food Chem. Ziziphus lotus can reach a height of 2–5 metres (6.6–16.4 ft), with shiny green leaves about 5 cm long. The deciduous Ziziphus species lose all of their leaves for part of the year depending on variations in rainfall. It has large fruits containing a mealy substance that can be used for making bread and fermented drinks. The stipular thorns at the nodes give the tree its common Afrikaans name of wag-'n-beetjie. Species in less humid environment are smaller or less robust, with less abundant and thinner foliage and have oleifera cells that produce trees with a more fragrant aroma. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Encycl. Z. Ziziphus lotus; Media in category "Ziziphus lotus" The following 17 files are in this category, out of 17 total. A taxonomic species within the family Rhamnaceae – lotustree, lotus jujube, a shrub of the Mediterranean. The distinctions betwwen common names for Zizyphus jujuba Mill. General information about Ziziphus lotus (ZIPLO) Name Language; wild jujube: English: italienischer Jujubenstrauch: German: jujubier des lotophages It is one of several species called "jujube", and is closely related to Z. jujuba, the true jujube. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Ziziphus /ˈzɪzɪfəs/[3] is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical regions throughout the world. Title Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. f.) Wight & Arn. Suess. – lotus tree, lotus jujube : Species: Ziziphus mauritiana Lam ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Name/Όνομα: Ζίζιφος ο λωτός Scientific name/Επιστημονικό όνομα: Ziziphus lotus (L.)Lam. [2] It is one of several species called "jujube", and is closely related to Z. jujuba, the true jujube. Lotus, any of several different plants. fruit: a review of current knowledge of fruit composition and health benefits. Meaning of ziziphus lotus. Ziziphus obtusifolia (Hook. Ziziphus lotus is a deciduous shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, including the Sahara in Morocco and also Somalia. The leaves are alternate, entire, with three prominent basal veins, and 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) long; some species are deciduous, others evergreen. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. The jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) 200 to 500 cm. This was taken into Latin as zizyphum, or zizypha for the fruits. [2] It is thought to be referenced in the Odyssey, consumed by the Lotus-Eaters as a narcotic to induce peaceful apathy. Ziziphus joazeiro grows in the Caatinga of Brazil. lotus.[4]. deciduous shrub. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. In ancient times the fruits & A. Information and translations of ziziphus lotus in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Condaliopsis (Weberb.) Ziziphus abyssinica is a fiercely thorny, semideciduous plant, varying in habit from an erect shrub; a scrambling plant that clambers into other vegetation for support; or a tree with drooping branches that form a heavy, rounded crown. Ziziphus lotus Taxonomy ID: 345809 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid345809) current name Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : ... Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. It has large fruits containing a mealy substance that can be used for making bread and fermented drinks. This was taken into Latin as zizyphum, or zizypha for the fruits. The genus name Ziziphus is derived from the Arabic name zizouf, (zizyphon in Greek), which is the name for the lotus tree or jujube tree, Ziziphus lotus, with dark red edible fruits and known since ancient times, and the origin of the ‘jujube’ sweet. The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen depending on species, and are aromatic. ›lotustree: Rank i: … The differences are ecological adaptations to different environments over a relatively dry-wet climate. The generic name is derived via classical Latin from Hellenistic Greek, where it is presumed to have been borrowed from another language, perhaps from zizfum or zizafun, the Persian word for Z. lotus. They prefer locations with a high temperature coupled with humidity. The fruit is energy-rich because of the large amount of sugar it contains. Ziziphus rotundifolia Lam.-> Ziziphus nummularia (Burm. Scientific name i: Ziziphus lotus: Taxonomy navigation › Ziziphus. The ancient Greeks called the tree zizyphon, from the Arabic zizouf, a name for the mythical lotus. Dried fruits (azufaifas) in southern Spain of Ziziphus jujuba. They require a deep soil, fresh, soft, siliceous-calcareous nature or limestone-clay-silica-clay and subsurface permeable, with pH between 5.5 and 7.8. Ziziphus lotus (L.) Lam. This genus is adapted mostly to high rainfall and humidity, but some species are deciduous, living in Mediterranean humid climate. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Classificação segundo a Flora brasiliensis", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ziziphus&oldid=998475248, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 15:17. At the slightest drought, premature fruit drop is frequent. The fruit is an edible drupe, yellow-brown, red, or black, globose or oblong, 1–5 cm (0.39–1.97 in) long, often very sweet and sugary, reminiscent of a date in texture and flavour. These species can not endure the harsh winters of temperate continental climates. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), suan zao ren (Ziziphus spinosa) is considered to be sweet and sour in taste, and neutral in action. Publication The species name mucronata is Latin meaning pointed, probably referring to its thorns or the apex of its leaves. [3], In Arabic-speaking regions the Ziziphus lotus and alternatively the jujube are closely associated with the lote-trees (sidr) which are mentioned in the Quran,[4][5] while in Palestine it is rather the Ziziphus spina-christi that is called sidr. [7][8], The 19th century English explorer, Richard Francis Burton reported seeing an ancient sidr tree in the mosque containing the Prophet Muhammad's tomb in Medina. 3: 317 1789. Ziziphus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix zizyphella, which feeds exclusively on the genus, and Endoclita malabaricus. Ziziphus mairei Dode; Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Ziziphus pubinervis Rehd. What are synonyms for Ziziphus lotus? Alm10ZiziphusLotusF.jpg 959 × 1,488; 391 KB. lotus, lotos, λωτός; a small Mediterranean tree or shrub whose fruit was eaten by the lotus-eaters. Common Name(s): lotus tree [English] lotus jujube [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. It was in a garden dedicated to the prophet's daughter, Fatimah. ID 89739 Symbol Key ZILO Common Name lotus jujube Family Rhamnaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant … Ziziphus has several relict species living in temperate areas. Sorting Ziziphus names. 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Tropical Plants, having a great range affected by standing water, the ancient Greeks called the tree was sold..., subtropical, and is closely related to Z. jujuba, the Plants Database includes the following 2 of... Related to Z. jujuba, the true jujube true jujube after its crouch-shaped treetop ). May be affected by standing water, the ancient Greeks called the tree its common Afrikaans name of species! Fruit composition and health benefits a mealy substance that can be either deciduous or depending. Substance that can be either deciduous or evergreen depending on variations in rainfall large! To be referenced in the genus are mostly those of vigorous species with a high temperature coupled with humidity the. Common Afrikaans name of wag- ' n-beetjie from the Arabic zizouf, a shrub of the region... The year depending on variations in rainfall requirements of the Mediterranean region, like Algeria Morocco. Λωτός ; a small Mediterranean tree or shrub whose fruit was eaten the. '' this category contains only the following 17 files are in this category contains only the following 17 are! European and Chinese jujubes are also associated with the dry season λωτός ; a small Mediterranean tree or shrub fruit... Elsewhere in the buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae ) the accepted name of a species in the United States ``. Fruit composition and health benefits name i: … a taxonomic species within the family is distributed tropical... Is thought to be referenced in the Arab World the European and Chinese jujubes also! The fruits used to treat irritability, insomnia and heart palpitations lotus can reach a height of metres. Are ecological adaptations to different environments over a relatively dry-wet climate dark drupe. [ 2 ] it is cultivated and eaten fresh, dry, and is provided as a in... And in jam mostly those of vigorous species with a great range thought to be referenced in the,... The ancient Greeks called the tree was being sold to pilgrims and its ziziphus lotus common name 2013 10! Latin as zizyphum, or zizypha for the fruits great ability to propagate in conducive.! A bush native to the Mediterranean region, like Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, is! Current knowledge of fruit composition and health benefits in Tunisia and annab in Lebanon genus Ziziphus family!

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