The region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. How to use Mediterranean in a sentence. The Mediterranean Climate zone is closely associated with the Mediterranean forests, woodland, and scrub biomes. Sclerophyll, type of vegetation characterized by hard, leathery, evergreen foliage that is specially adapted to prevent moisture loss. Mediterranean regions have long been impacted by humans especially through the use of fire and the grazing of livestock. The Mediterranean Biome. Forests of the Mediterranean region: gaps in knowledge and research needs Giseppe Scarascia-Mugnozzaa,*, Helfried Oswaldb, Pietro Piussic, Kalliopi Radogloud aDepartment of Forest Environment and Resources, Universita´ della Tuscia, Via De Lellis, I-01100 Viterbo, Italy bMediterranean Forest Research Unit, INRA, Av. Sclerophyll shrublands known as maquis is a distinctive of the climate zone, especially around the Mediterranean Basin. A Mediterranean forest, the Upper Galilee Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome , defined by the World Wildlife Fund , characterized by dry summers and rainy winters. The vegetation community is dominated by trees and shrubs. Broad-leaved sclerophyll vegetation, including species such as holly (Ilex), is known as Mediterranean vegetation (q.v.) Summers are typically hot in low-lying inland locations but can be cool near some seas, as near San Francisco , … The Mediterranean proper, we know from classical Greek literature, was formerly forested with live oaks, pines, cedars, wild carob and wild olive. Vivaldi, F-84 000 Avignon, France cInst. This scrub has evolved into a complex and intricate mobile patchwork of habitats, home to an exceptionally rich biodiversity. THANKS FOR YOUR ATENTION¡¡¡¡¡¡¡ DEFINITION The mediterranean forest is a forest and scrub biome that develops in regions with a Mediterranean climate, with mild winters, dry summers and springs and autumnswith abundant rainfall, in addition to frequent forest fires to which The summer experiences … Mediterranean definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of the Mediterranean Sea. The Mediterranean scrub, with its many flowers and aromatic plants, is a direct result of centuries of human activities (livestock grazing, cultivation forest fires and clearances). Mediterranean climate is a fairly dry climate. Less than 1% of the Sea is protected. The Mediterranean vegetation community consists of a variety of sclerophyll plant formation classes which range from Mediterranean mixed evergreen forests (in the coastal lands immedi­ately bordering the seas and the oceans) to woodland, dwarf forest and scrubs. because it is characteristic of regions Mediterranean synonyms, Mediterranean pronunciation, Mediterranean translation, English dictionary definition of Mediterranean. Almost no rain falls during the summer, so most of the rain falls during the cooler winter. The Mediterranean ecosystem occurs only in five relatively small areas around the planet: the area bordering the Mediterranean Sea, central Chile, the Cape region of South Africa, southwestern and southern Australia, and, of course, southern California and northern Baja California. The name Mediterranean is derived from the Latin mediterraneanus, meaning "inland" or "in the middle of the earth". Almost 85% of its forests have disappeared. 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