/ExtGState Tee type Pipe Fitting. Antisyphonage Pipe 12. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. Bevel Seat Fittings. stream Work is carried out based on the prevailing codes and standards to a dimensional accuracy and an angular tolerance. endobj more durable . stream Plumbing trap is a part of the drainage system. /G 13 0 R 5.1. << Certainly the parts which are in contact with foul water, such as the, internal surfaces of sinks, water-closets, lavatories, and baths, ought to have the, surfaces perfectly white or cream-coloured, so that the slightest deposit of foul matter, Durability is the third quality which sanitary fittings ought to possess. As the material is more or less brittle, it ought not to be too thin. In many old closets the water is delivered through a fan-. /Width 1894 The extant principal Regulations prescribes the minimum standard of sanitary fitments (including the numbers of waterclosets, urinals, lavatory basins, baths and showers) to be provided in different categories of building uses. possible, as in nearly every case enclosures are difficult to keep clean and sweet. /ca 1 /a0 Enamelled fire clay is largely used for baths and other sanitary fittings, and is an excellent material if it is thick enough to resist ordinary blows, and if the, enamel is thoroughly adherent to the fireclay body; in cheap fittings the enamel is often. a small area of standing water that the basin is soiled every time the closet is used. /CA 1 Washbasin 2. << Sinks. x�e�1 endstream fittings and fixtures of sanitary systems, heating systems. {xl��Y�ϟ�W.� @Yқi�F]+TŦ�o�����1� ��c�۫��e����)=Ef �.���B����b�nnM��$� @N�s��uug�g�]7� � @��ۘ�~�0-#D����� �`�x��ש�^|Vx�'��Y D�/^%���q��:ZG �{�2 ���q�, endobj x�+� They play an important role in maintaining sanitary environment in the buildings. There is less objection to its use for the tops of, lavatories, but even for these fittings some kind of porcelain or enamelled fireclay is. 8 0 obj /XObject Water Closet 9. Fittings shall be free of crevices and manufactured within close, industry accepted tolerances. It has its disadvantages of course, if applied as an enamel it may chip off, and expose the rougher porous foundation to the action of the foul water, and if solid it, may (as in a lavatory basin) be cracked by a blow or by sudden contact with hot water,-, but it has the great advantage of cleanliness. The best fittings of moderate size are made of some kind of pottery or white ware, suitably glazed. The overflows of sinks and, lavatories have, until recently, been very defective in this respect; no provision whatever, was made for cleansing them, and the consequence was that they often became. << Two pipe system Single stack system, 2. x���  �Om �i�� /ExtGState It helps in changing the direction of water supply from main pipes to subsidiary pipes. The containers of pan-closets are almost invariably coated, with filth, and some closets of more recent design are very little better, The traps of, wash-out closets are always fouled by usage, and many wash-down closets have such. /BBox [0 0 596 842] Baths exhibit almost the, There are "water-closets" without water, or so insufficiently flushed that the thorough, removal of the solids is impossible. /Length 1076 C�|�@ ��� �0FQ�B�BW��~���Bz��~����K�B W ̋o >> Traps: They are depressed or bent sanitary fittings holding water always in the bend so that foul gases cannot pass through this water seal or barrier. /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] Of each class of fitting there are many varieties, which are adapted for different, purposes and for different kinds of buildings. /ExtGState endobj /XObject Sanitary fittings should be easy to locate and identify with their operation easy to understand and suitable for both standing and seated users. >> Anti- siphonage pipes. Water Supply Distribution Pipeline and Its Cleaning 5. << << /Width 2480 /Subtype /Image endstream << >> Careful design is therefore, necessary. /Width 2480 /CS /DeviceRGB /Height 1894 It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets are arranged at 90 o to the main line connection (inlet). Traps. Stone, for example, has been much used for sinks, but, on account of its pervious ness, it is, difficult to keep clean. endobj /Type /XObject Bath tubs. �,,��l��u��4)\al#:,��CJ�v�Rc���ӎ�P4+���[��W6D����^��,��\�_�=>:N�� /ExtGState sanitary fittings definition: 1. the pieces of furniture that are in a bathroom, such as a toilet, bath, etc. The enclosure of sanitary fittings with wooden casings is fortunately now almost a thing, of the past, but it is well to repeat that such casings are, as a rule, roost objectionable. /s13 7 0 R ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is a list of sanitary and plumbing appurtenances:- 1. Plumbing traps are an important component of the sewage system. Underground building sanitary drainage and vent pipe shall conform to one of the standards listed in Table 702.2. /Filter /FlateDecode 6 0 obj Certainly the ordinary casings of baths and water-closets are most objectionable, as, they conceal the plumber's work, and add considerably to the difficulty of inspection and, the cost of repairs. Water closets. extremely dirty, and were sometimes quite choked with soapy and greasy matter. There are lavatories with waste holes so small, that they cannot be rapidly emptied, with overflows badly arranged, with drains from, soap-dishes made only to be choked, and with the "clean" water arranged to enter, through the more or less foul waste or overflow openings. 3 Understands sketches, drawings and specifications. /Type /XObject If you have … Water-Closet 6. << Fittings shall meet 3A standards where The number and size of water tanks depend on the users. �%� ��yԂC��A%� x'��]�*46�� �Ip� �vڵ�ǒY Kf p��'�^G�� ���e:Kf P����9�"Kf ���#��Jߗu�x�� ��L�lcBV�ɽ;���s$#+�Lm�, tYP ��������7�y`�5�];䞧_��zON��ΒY \t��.m�����ɓ��%DF[BB,��q��_�җ�S��ި%� ����\id펿߾�Q\�돆&4�7nىl7'�d �2���H_����Y�F������G����yd2 @��JW�K�~T��M�5�u�.�g��, gԼ��|I'��{U-wYC:޹,Mi�Y2 �i��-�. /x5 3 0 R << These buildings have particular needs in the design of their sanitary drainage and venting systems. Cowl 8. Most building users will appreciate when fittings are in logical positions and contrasted against their background. One of the best materials for, sanitary fittings is undoubtedly some kind of porcelain, either solid or applied in the form, of an enamel. /Type /XObject Carries out simple system … The term, therefore, excludes such fittings, as dyers' and sizers' vats and other tanks employed in factories and workshops, and is, confined tosinks,wash-tubs,baths,lavatories,water-closets,slop-hoppersand sinks, and, urinals. x�+�215�35S0 BS��H)$�r�'(�+�WZ*��sr � Sanitaryware - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. >> >> /Type /XObject The plumber also carries out testing and commissioning ofthese systems. /XObject As already mentioned, various types of fittings like elbow, gasket, union, etc., are used for making joints. endstream 11 0 obj For the tops of lavatories polished marble is a satisfactory and durable. John Perry Fittings. endobj << /x19 9 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode /BitsPerComponent 1 SPECIFIC DESCRIPTION 2. One of the principal marks of efficiency in a sanitary fitting is, than it shall form an effective harrier against the entrance off our air from the drains and, waste pipes, In some fittings, as, tor example, lavatories and sinks, this harrier is a, plumber' s trap which does not form an integral part of the lining itself, hut in many, water-closets and slop hoppers, the trap is part of the fitting, and its efficiency must he, carefully considered. << The principal varieties will be considered in, subsequent chapters. /ColorSpace /DeviceGray �[i&8n��d ���}�'���½�9�o2 @y��51wf���\��� pN�I����{�{�D뵜� pN�E� �/n��UYW!C�7 @��ޛ\�0�'��z4k�p�4 �D�}']_�u��ͳO%�qw��, gU�,Z�NX�]�x�u�`( Ψ��h���/�0����, ����"�f�SMߐ=g�B K�����`�z)N�Q׭d�Y ,�~�D+����;h܃��%� � :�����hZ�NV�+��%� � v�QS��"O��6sr�, ��r@T�ԇt_1�X⇯+�m,� ��{��"�1&ƀq�LIdKf #���fL�6b��+E�� D���D ����Gޭ4� ��A{D粶Eޭ.+b�4_�(2 ! Air Vent 13. 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