IF you think about it 90% of animals shot with a 270 are shot with a 130 grain bullet. Bullet Grain Basics. A grain is a unit of measurement for mass. But that may be all. Out of stock. Grains are a unit of measurement for mass. After looking at my extensive ballistics file, some of the exceptions I mentioned above the higher power with lighter bullets are with the small case calibers, like the 9MM and the .45 ACP. I’ve always heard that it’s best to practice with what you are going to shoot. 30 Caliber 168 Grain CT Ballistic Silvertip Bullet Part# 51160 Spitzer Point . 2. One grain is equal to 64.79891 milligrams, and the grain of a bullet indicates the weight of the actual projectile fired. 55 gr. This is our “cool down” period after practicing for as much as 200rds each with her 9mm and my 45ACP for our newly found love of USPSA/IPSC Steel Challenge open/major and minor classes. Real-world Performance Comparison. As you learn more about ammunition, you will find that cartridges have a wide range of bullet sizes. Let’s check out what bullet grain really means and how it can make you a better overall marksman. We already talked about lighter rounds having more energy and that energy must go somewhere…, So, instead of arguing the differences in recoil between light and heavy bullets, let’s leave it at this: firing lighter bullets usually feels “snappier,” while firing heavy bullets feels more like a “roll” or “pull.”. So, when shooting at a long distance, this amount of drop needs to be known either mathematically, or by trial and error (empirical proof). A “grain” (also commonly abbreviated as gr) is equal to 1/7000th of a pound. Grain is a measurement of weight for ammunition. (It was 2 as I buy two guns of the same caliber but usually two different manufacturers that shoot the same round so both my wife and I can shoot (usually by EOD at the table with bean bag rests), at the same time which is always fun shooting at the same 4 or 5 metal targets that we set starting at around 25yds and end up with the last being around 150yds. Other things that can reduce kick are the weight of the gun, and the barrel length, where longer is less kick. To start this discussion, let’s begin with an explanation of the basic unit of measurement for bullet weight: grains. Okay, so the first part: what you gain and lose with lighter-for-caliber bullets compared to heavy-for-caliber bullets. What was the weight of the last bullet you shot? The heavier the bullet, the better expansion and penetration you’ll get on impact. What was it? 27.34 grains to the dram, sixteen drams to the ounce, sixteen ounces to the pound. 35 Caliber 225 Grain Partition Bullet Part# 44810 | Part# 44800 Spitzer Point. The choice of a 135 grain bullet was just one of many factors that Speer took into account when developing this load. In order to determine the kinetic energy, you must know the velocity of the bullet and the weight of the bullet in grains. My range will not be 50 yards. Since 1 gram is approximately a paper clip, I’m sure this gives you an idea of how small a grain is.Many people think that grain refers to something with the gunpowder or propellant used. Both are identical with the exception that the HAP does not have cannulars. Answer (1 of 3): Wrong, do some homework. So, look more closely at the ammo you are shooting. This barrel will stabilize bullets of up to 90 grains, and can handle the 70- to 77-grain bullets at just about any velocity, which makes it well suited for carbines with very short barrels. If you participate in distance rifle shooting, especially for target practice, a lighter bullet may be ideal. You will often see bullets listed with the grain size before the bullet type. 6.5mm 100 Grain; 6.5mm 125 Grain; 6.5mm 140 Grain . 35 Caliber 250 Grain Partition Bullet Part# 44811 | Part# 44801 Spitzer Point . We end up using our 17’s just before dusk starts to settle in which is USUALLY the other CALM no wind part of day other than early morn (up to but not usually past 7am). The most common, and assumed unless specified for reloading your own cases is the first instance. Bullet grain plays a significant role in the performance of a bullet. Bullets are roughly 55 grains and the cartridge is moderate recoil. In dentistry, gold foil, used as a material to restore teeth, is measured in grains. Subsonic/Suppressed: For optimal performance with a sound suppressor, subsonic ammunition is best. 15 or 30 Pack of .50 Caliber - 200 to 300 Grain Thompson Center® Shockwave™ Sabots Controlled Expansion® Bullets - Best Prices, Fast Shipping, Expert Advice! Hornady makes 100, 110, 130 140, 150. Trajectory for Custom .284 7mm Mag Ammo #4550 at 3000 Feet per Second. Required fields are marked *, Time limit exceeded. One example is the classic AR-15 .223 cartridge, which ranges from 40-70+ grains with the standard being 55 grains. They’ve all been garnished with Vortex Diamondback scopes but I still have the original scopes that came with the older two rifles. (But of course it wasn’t meee). Trajectory for Sierra Bullets .224 dia. A common misconception when it comes to the term “grain” is that the number on the ammo box is a reference to the amount of gunpowder in the cartridge (which, to be fair, gunpowder is also measured in grains if you’re into hand-loading). 22-250 Remington – 1 in 12” twist. Much more than that as the article explains but that is my personal experience With light weights or low green count bullets. Good part was it was NOT me or the wife but also not Hornady’s either as they are very nice and consistent rounds. … The grain is commonly used to measure the mass of bullets and propellants. Most Cartridges Have a General Range of Bullet Weights. Realistically, if you’re just taking your weapon out to the range for some fun plinking, bullet weight won’t matter too much. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Loaded with stout 125-130 grain bullets, such as the Barnes TSX and GS Custom, the .30-06 can be used to deliver great shock, wide wounding and very deep penetration on tough game, out to extended ranges of around 400 yards. Likewise a heavy bullet may not be suited for some rifles or pistols, the rifle may not be set up for heavier bullets(due to twist). Based on the weights you mentioned, I have to assume you are talking about 9mm ammo. The higher the grain, the heavier the bullet, this results in a slower bullet but more "knock-down power". Nice intro. Your email address will not be published. It is hard to get enough power into these smaller casings, so the trick to get ‘more power’ out of these calibers is to lower the bullet weight (less grains), and then the speed (MV) goes way up. Always very informative and easy to understand! The lower-grain cartridges are also great for hunting if you plan on making longer shots at smaller game animals. Because of the lighter weight, these bullets can be blown off course more easily. Review: NovX Ammunition - The Shooter's Log, The .17 HMR is Here to Stay - The Shooter's Log, "Amazing penetration and striking power!" Bullet Weight (Grains) 12 Gauge (Model 212) Remington Accu-tip 385 grain 3" Federal Premium 1 Oz. For example, a 200 grain .45 bullet weighs about 15 grams. 437.5 grains equals one ounce. If a bullet has less "grain" it will be lighter, meaning that the bullet will travel faster but with less "knock-down power" (because it is a lighter bullet). We’ll take those factors into account when comparing lighter-weight bullets to heavier weights, and also discuss how the grain of the bullet affects accuracy, recoil and terminal ballistics. Want to find a variety of cartridges and search for different bullet weights for your specific needs? I think that your statement: “Theoretically, though, a lighter bullet should have more recoil because of Newton’s old “equal and opposite reaction” theory.” can be misleading. The grain is commonly used to measure the mass of bullets and propellants. The 120-130 grain bullets are usually a good choice for medium size CXP2 game, such as pronghorn antelope, most deer species, wild sheep and goats. Thus with a 168 Grain .308 Winchester cartridge, the bullet … A 38 special will be more accurate with bullets 110 -158 gr, a 357 Mag with 158 to 180 gr. We’ve all heard of the infamous 12 gauge shotgun. For example: 55 grain .223 caliber bullets are of the same weight and caliber as 3.56 gram 5.56mm caliber bullets. Let us also clarify that we are discussing the merits of heavier or lighter grain weights for the same caliber, such as 115 gr vs 147 gr 9mm. I use my GLOCK as a defensive weapon. The term "troy grain" was based on the average mass of a single grain of barley. So, when you are comparing ammo that you shoot, you also need to know what is power rating each is, or at very least, the muzzle velocity (MV). Bullet grain (gr) refers to the weight of the bullet and not the whole cartridge. Many calibers has a standard bullet weight, such as the .223 Remington with a 55-grain bullet. .223 vs. 5.56: Which Ammunition Is Safe for My AR-15? It determines how fast the bullet will travel too. Sierra Makes 90, 110, 130, 135, 140,150 grain. I shoot mainly 600 yards Thanks . The grain is used to measure the mass of bullets, gunpowder, smokeless powder, and preformed gold foil; it is the measure used by the balances used in handloading; bullets are measured in increments of one grain, gunpowder in increments of 0.1 grains. Remember high scholl physics. This unit of measurement traces its origins to antiquity and is supposed to represent the weight of a literal grain of wheat or barley. A bullet with a heavy grain will travel slower and lack kinetic energy, but will have more stored energy in it's mass than a lighter bullet, when fired with If you are not sure whether you should go with a heavier or lighter bullet, the best option is to go with something in the middle. Get notified when 9mm, .223 Rem., and Other Popular Calibers are in Stock & Ready to Ship. Ballistic Tip Hunting Bullet. But, on the flip side, the extra weight gives the bullet more stabilization against wind gusts. So, these bullets are… If you’re more of a 9mm Luger type, those usually come in options ranging between 60 and 160 grains. Lighter bullets typically move faster and have the capacity to deliver more kinetic energy to the target. It could be argued a 110 grain bullet would take a moose down with proper shot placement. Ammunition is generally described using the diameter to length ratio measurement.For example: 1. As we saw above, the heavier bullet dropped further, which means your trajectory will be straighter with a lighter projectile, and your overall distance potential will be longer. Ballistic Coefficients of: 0.271 0.264 0.25 0.236 0.224. What is Bullet Weight / Grain? 2 Velocity Boundaries (Feet per Second) of: 2200 2200 2200 2200. > 223 Remington ~ 55 Grain ~ Trajectory Chart. Grain definition is - a single small hard seed. Also, does anyone use the Hornady HITS scale to illustrate relative effect of the round? The cartridge is designed by PMC to deliver accuracy and efficiency in the AR 15. In archery, the grain is the standard unit used to weigh arrows. For most plinkers, you’ll simply want to purchase the ammunition that best fits your budget. Let us know in the comments section below! Theoretically, though, a lighter bullet should have more recoil because of Newton’s old “equal and opposite reaction” theory. 9×19 MM cartridge is……Take a guess….. 9mm wide and also 19mm long.We all know that shotgun shells are measured in gauge. However, the smaller hollowpoint on the .50 caliber 220 grain Knight Red Hot has a better BC because of the bullet’s streamlined design. Shooting light for caliber mono metals is a good solution becassue they hold together, penetrate great and the extra speed is a bonus. In short, bullet grain is the weight of the projectile. The 130 grain GameChanger bullet with its G1 BC of .510, handles deer with ease and can be used effectively on elk as long as the shooter does his part. God forbid the day we have to use our weapons, but I will be ready to defend and protect my family. What twist rates work best with your muzzleloading bullets? Nosler® Ballistic Tip® Varmint bullets thrive on ultra-high velocity loads, yet will go the distance with spectacular results all the way down to the lowest practical velocity levels.  =  It will really just depend on what you can afford and what your weapon likes best. If there is prohibition on grain, is it for sound, performance or will the others do damage? The range of bullet weights is actually much wider than what you might think, with the lightest being 17 grains like in a .17 HMR round and the heaviest being upward of 700 grains like for the .50 BMG cartridges . The point is that even when you purchase a given firearm to shoot a specific cartridge, you still have options for bullet size. It does not imply there is a direct relationship between bullet grain and a shooter’s ability. It is an extremely small unit. Fire a 125 grain bullet at 1400ft/sec. Thanks. Velocity Boundaries (Feet per Second) of: … As explained above grain is a unit of measurment. Ballistic Coefficients of: 0.545 0.515 0.515 0.515 0.515. $ 37.99 $ 37.99. 338 Caliber 225 Grain Partition Bullet Part# 16436 | Part# 16336 Spitzer Point. Most rounds have a shorter standard range than that, though. For example, if you’re using a large frame pistol, that firearm might help absorb some of the recoil, reducing what you feel. This nickel-plated brass ammunition has become my go-to for concealed carry and 9mm defensive purposes. The 147-grain shells were not an option, because the barrel flip was too strong for me hit a soda can that was only 7 yards or so away. Essentially, the grain count of a round is a way to measure the size of the bullet. E-Tip Bullet (Lead Free) 6.5mm 120 Grain . (As well as bullet type.). This ammunition is going to put a lot of meat in the freezer. Here is the Fun/No fun EOD “cool down” which is a metaphor when you live in a city that was 116 last week and had not dipped lower than 112 for about a month lol. Partition Bullet. 30 caliber / .308 inch diameter bullets, which the 30-06 cartridge utilizes come in a wide range from a 55 grain .223 caliber bullet enclosed in a .308 caliber sabot to a 250 grain bullet. Most gun owners don’t need to be experts on bullet weight. In general, that means so does the kick. Was wondering about other bullets though. At an Elevation Angle of: 0 degrees. (I am only guessing the cross winds to be under 10mph and may have been a little more but the fact of the matter was that at 17grains, these wonderfully performing rounds were being thrown all over the place by the wind because of their light weight. Heavier bullets demand faster barrel twists to best benefit accuracy. I have been using Nosler Custom Competition for the last year or two, with good results. But when the casing size goes up (.357 Mag, 38 Spec, .45 Long Colt), then there is plenty of room to put enough powder into the casing and get the larger bullets to move really fast, and thus produce more power, more kick, and more accuracy. Well, actually, the size, shape and material your ammo is made out of really affect factors like accuracy, recoil and terminal ballistics. The grain of a bullet is simply its weight. Speed is generally preferred for distance target shooting, as it reduces the chances of drop. Barrel is factory 1 in 12 twist. The grain is a unit of weight measurement and is defined as being equal to 0.0648 grams. 30 Caliber 150 Grain CT Ballistic Silvertip Bullet Part# 51150 Spitzer Point. But I just wanted to point out the fact that this one element of grain weight is something 1 should pay particular a close attention to when trying to shoot with any accuracy in windy conditions. This helps me understand more about shooting. Some guns have greater distances between the cylinder and barrel, and some have less rifling. Ball and Dummy Drill - Overcoming Recoil Anticipation, Bill Drill - Rapid, Accurate Follow-Up Shots, El Presidente Drill - Assessing Your Shooting Skills. A grain is a unit of measurement of mass. of ME. In the end, this will increase your enjoyment of shooting sports and allow you to select better ammunition for your specific needs. A few calibers that use heavy bullets, like .45 ACP, are … When you get into the higher-grain cartridges, you gain a lot in terms of effectiveness. Heavier bullets kick more than light. Bullet sizes are expressed by their weights and diameters (referred to as "calibers") in both imperial and metric measurement systems. Federal 124 Grain HST 9mm +P - Best 9mm Self Defense Ammo. My favorite bullet for EOD shooting (end of day) is the 17HMR. This makes lighter rounds excellent for longer-distance shooting because they will give you closer groups downrange. Ken W – you are partially correct as the bullet gets heavier with the same power in the cartridge, the overall force goes up. The grain of a bullet refers to the bullet's mass / weight (projectile only, not the entire cartridge). AccuBond Long Range Bullet. Propellant burn rate can also play a role. As we saw above, the heavier bullet dropped further, which means your trajectory will be straighter with a lighter projectile, and your overall distance potential will be longer. The 140 grain bullets are the all-around bullets, suitable for all CXP2 and the smaller species of CXP3 game, while the heavy 156-160 grain bullets are usually intended for CXP3 game on the order of elk and Scandinavian moose. Many law-enforcement agencies are starting to choose rounds on the heavier side, like the FBI, who landed on the Hornady Critical Duty 175-grain .40 S&W as their go-to. One thing about heavier rounds that definitely reduces heavier recoil, is using subsonic rounds with a good suppressor. However, a light bullet delivers less energy and is susceptible to wind, which means it can be blown off target much easier than heavier bullet. One of the longest sniper shots was with a 50 cal shooting 660 grain bullets a distance of about 2 miles! The range of bullet weights is actually much wider than what you might think, with the lightest being 17 grains like in a .17 HMR round and the heaviest being upward of 700 grains like for the .50 BMG cartridges. When loaded into hunting rifles, a heavier bullet is more likely to deliver more energy into the target, resulting in a more humane shot. If you carry a pistol and have difficulty handling high recoil, you may find that a smaller bullet is more comfortable to shoot. Some 147 gr 9mm bullets have a MV of only 970 fps, which produces only 307 ft. lbs. .hide-if-no-js { Highlighted below are some of the best grain bullets for a AR 15 rifle. One grain is equal to 64.79891 milligrams, and the grain of a bullet indicates the weight of the actual projectile fired. This unit, which is often abbreviated as “gr” is equal to one 7,000th of a pound. Sierra does not advocate use of Matchking brand bullets for hunting applications. When choosing which type of cartridge to use, you’ll want to consider several factors like the type of shooting you’ll be doing (hunting, plinking, self-defense, etc.) Please click the reload button and complete the captcha once again. Prices for these are roughly $.30 per round. My main carry gun is a Springfield XD .40 Subcompact. Here at Ammotogo.com you can select the cartridge type, then filter your search by bullet weight, type, or even brand. Bullet weight makes a difference on how the bullet performs. In North America, the hardness of water is often measured in grains per US gallon (gpg) of calcium carbonate equivalents. Grains are a unit of measurement for mass. This ammo is the same brand, line and is even loaded with the same bullet. However, it really has nothing to do with that. At the moment, my only handgun is a Kel Tec PF-9. Speed is generally preferred for distance target shooting, as it reduces the chances of drop. You may equate lighter bullets to lighter recoil, which may or may not be true based on the type of recoil management your gun has. Grain weight includes everything from light 15-grain to bullets that weigh over 600 grain. - The Shooter's Log, Rifle Hack: Sighting for 100 Yards at a Distance of 25 Yards, Have Gun, Will Travel: Transporting Your Handgun Across the United States, The Top 15 Most Concealable Semi-Automatic Handguns, BANNED: An Overview of Restricted Guns, Ammo and Parts in Each State. For your specific needs shot with a lower cost of not having to actually shoot up! Each ammunition cartridge is to provide information—not opinions—to our customers and the shooting and hunting community will be accurate! 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