In 1929 he married Eva Piriz, but both she and their young son died in 1931 of tuberculosis; it is likely that this personal tragedy contributed to the dark nature of his work. Image: Wifredo Lam, "La Jungla / The Jungle" (1943, oil on canvas). The full text of the article is here →. Though Lam's dislike for academic conservatism persisted, his time in Spain marked his technical development in which he began to merge a primitive aesthetic and the traditions of Western composition. » Lam poursuit le même combat que le poète martiniquais Aimé Césaire, « peindre le drame de son pays, la cause et l’esprit des Noirs. Wifredo Lam (1902-82), whose work is the focus of a handsome and long overdue survey at the Museum of Latin American Art in Long Beach, is typically acknowledged for his painterly fusion of … La Vieja del rosario, 1927. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. - Wifredo Lam. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. Le texte intégral de l'article est ici →, https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wifredo_Lam. Wifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother. Il s'installe en 1860 à San Francisco puis, dix ans plus tard, migre une première fois vers Cuba avant de rejoindre le Mexique en 1880. Wifredo Lam lived in the XX cent., a remarkable figure of Cuban Surrealism. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. At the Prado, Lam discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. Executed on 20 August 1942 Il abandonne des études de droit pour suivre une formation artistique et devenir portraitiste. Ceci fait partie de l'article Wikipédia utilisé sous licence CC-BY-SA. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Figures, 1938. Il s’intéresse très tôt aux œuvres de Léonard de Vinci, Velasquez, Goya mais aussi de Paul Gauguin ou Eugène Delacroix. De mère métisse, aux origines hispano-congolaises, et de père chinois immigré à Cuba, Wifredo Lam grandit dans une famille modeste et ouverte d’esprit : son père qui tient un petit commerce, est un homme lettré qui maîtrise la calligraphie. Ce dernier meurt en 1926, âgé de 108 ans. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. … Autoportrait circa 1923 Huile sur toile 24 x 21,3 cm (9 1/2 x 8 3/8 in.) Son père, Enrique Lam Yam, né vers 1818, est un chinois originaire de la région de Canton qui a émigré vers les Amériques. Lam fréquente une école publique dans un quartier populaire de sa ville natale et c'est dès l’âge de sept ans que naît sa vocation d’artiste et qu’il se passionne pour le dessin. close. is. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, when he moved to Paris. Jeunesse et formation du peintre cubain. Il apprend auprès d’elle les rudiments du culte et de ses mystères, sans jamais être initié. Wifredo Lam, (born Dec. 8, 1902, Sagua la Grande, Cuba—died Sept. 11, 1982, Paris, France), Cuban painter known for his synthesis of Modernist aesthetics and Afro-Cuban imagery. Wifredo Lam est né le 8 décembre 1902 à Sagua La Grande dans une région sucrière de Cuba. Wifredo Lam est un artiste cubain surtout connu pour son esthétique surréaliste unique qui mêle mouvements artistiques européens et imagerie de son pays natal. Mar 18, 2018 - The internationally renowned Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) was a precursor of a cross-cultural style of painting, infusing Western modernism with African and Caribbean symbolism. C'est à l'âge de 21 ans qu'il prend la nationalité cubaine, étant jusqu'alors chinois par sa filiation, expliquant peu après qu'il s'est toujours senti avant tout cubain plutôt que chinois. In 1923, Lam … En 1916, Wifredo et une partie de la famille s'installent à La Havane tandis que son père, déjà très âgé, reste à la campagne. Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. Cuban, 1902–1982. Wifredo est le huitième et dernier enfant d'un couple aux origines fort différentes et d'une grande différence d'âge. Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla (林飛龍) was born on December 8, 1902 in Sagua La Grande, Cuba, to parents of Cuban, Congolese and Chinese ancestry. In Sagua La Grande, Lam was surrounded by many people of African descent; his family, like many others, practiced Catholicism alongside their African traditions. From 1918 to 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) Femme assise signé et daté 'Wifredo Lam 20.8.42' (en bas à droite) gouache et pastel sur papier marouflé sur toile 101.2 x 76.7 cm. Opened in 1983, the Wifredo Lam Center for Contemporary Art (in Spanish: Centro de Arte Contemporáneo Wifredo Lam) is a state-run gallery in tribute to Lam and located in Havana, Cuba. » Il a inventé un langage propre, unique et original, pour « défendre la dignité de la vie[2]. Back in Cuba, Lam reconnected with his family and the culture he had been born into. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who sought to portray and revive the enduring Afro-Cuban spirit and culture. Lam was born to a Chinese immigrant father and a mother of African and Spanish descent. La Ventana, II, 1935. Exécuté le 20 août 1942 signed and dated ‘Wifredo Lam 20.8.42’ (lower right) gouache and pastel on paper laid down on canvas 39 ¾ x 30 1/8 in. One of the most renowned Cuban artists of the modern era, Wifredo Lam achieved an inventive synthesis of European modernism and Afro-Caribbean symbolism. Miami Biennale Wifredo Lam . Painted in 1949. 44 - Quetzal) 1975" Follow Artist Add to Watchlist Limited Edition Print: Lithograph on Paper Simultaneously he also began studying tropical plants at the Botanical Gardens. Le « l » de son prénom ayant disparu quelques années plus tard à la suite d’une erreur administrative, il adopte complètement ce nouveau prénom de Wifredo. Nature morte, 1938. Composición, I, 1930. 21 oct. 2017 - Wifredo Óscar de la Concepción Lam y Castilla, dit Wifredo Lam, est né à Sagua La Grande, (Cuba) le 8 décembre 1902 et mort à Paris le 11 septembre 1982. Overlapping bodies and limbs make it difficult to distinguish the figures and their attributes. His contact with African celebrations and spiritual practices proved to be his largest artistic influence. In 1916 Lam moved to Havana to study law, a path that his family had thrust upon him. Wifredo Lam - 28 artworks - painting. The retrospective on Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande, 1902 – Paris, 1982), organised by the Centre Pompidou, Museo Reina Sofía and Tate Modern, acknowledges the common desire to consider modernity in all its complexity and endeavours to redefine Lam’s work inside a history of international art in which he stands as a key figure. “It’s a way—my way of communicating between human beings,” he stated. La Jungla [La Jungle] [The Jungle] 1943 Huile sur papier marouflé 239,4 x 229,9 cm (94 1/4 x 90 1/2 in.) Inspired by and in contact with some of the most renowned artists of the 20th century, Lam melded his influences and created a unique style, which was ultimately characterized by the prominence of hybrid figures. A participant in the Modern Art movement, Lam studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Madrid, Spain after leaving his native Havana. Wifredo Lam savait qu'il n'y a pas de jungle à Cuba, mais la manigua (maquis dense et épineux). Find more works of this artist at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. « With regard to life, modern painting is a revolutionary activity… » Wifredo Lam Il est l’élève des peintres Leopoldo Romañach et Armando Menocal. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. Though he was predominantly a painter, he also worked with sculpture, ceramics and printmaking in his later life. Wifredo Lam "Untitled (No. Expert Cuban school painting authentification services We are presented with three imposing anthropomorphic figures that stand and confront the viewer curiously. Wilfredo Lam - Art authentication research and investigation experts.- La autenticación, del arte, dibujos y pinturas de Wilfredo Lam - Identification of fakes, forgeries and misattributions . Wifredo Lam: Mix-Master, Modern Artist At the end of his life, the celebrated painter, draftsman, and sculptorWifredo Lam (Cuban, 1902–1982) was asked to reflect upon why he painted. Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born artist who attained fame for his work as a painter. Comment: This painting is the one to which Alejo Carpentier refers as a key for seeing and understanding what lo real maravilloso (Magical Realism?) Description: WIFREDO LAM (1902-1982) ... Lam began producing paintings that were dominated by hybridized human-animal-vegetal figures, and produced his most famous work, The Jungle (1943), which depicted four grotesque figures with mask-like faces emerging from dense vegetation. Peintre cubain, promoteur d’une peinture métissée alliant modernisme occidental et symboles africains et caribéens créant ainsi un langage singulier et contemporain. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he sided with the Republicans and used his talent to fashion Republican posters and propaganda. The influence of Surrealism was discernible in his work, as well as that of Henri Matisse. This painting is in the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) in New York City. In 1923 Lam began studying in Madrid under Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Zaragoza, the curator of the Museo del Prado and teacher of Salvador Dalí. ‘My Painting is an Act of Decolonization’ an Interview with Wifredo Lam by Gerardo Mosquera (1980), p.3. Wifredo s'exerce au dessin et à la peinture dans les jardins botaniques de la ville. Sa mère, Ana Serafina Castilla, née en 1862, est une mulâtresse descendant d’Espagnols et de Noirs du Congo déportés. 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