Protein content in other flour brands can vary by 2% or more from one bag to the next). They will when you use our mild-flavored white whole wheat flour — and these appetizing recipes. Better flour right from the start. I find that when I am overseas, I have much more tolerance to pastas and breads. Ultimately, you can always check the label, but do know that King Arthur Flour and Bob’s Red Mill (two of my favorite brands) both use the standards described above. Win-win. Your baking solution? To achieve 12.5% protein using your products, the ratio you should use is 1 part all purpose flour to 1.6 parts white whole wheat flour. I was doing some research and it says they have "Soft wheat" flour. Substituting white whole wheat for all-purpose flour in many of your favorite "white flour" recipes can be a piece of cake — quite literally! The darker the muffin or bread, the more easily you can incorporate white whole wheat flour and have it "disappear." Copyright © Beloved by biscuit bakers everywhere, this combination of soft wheat flour, baking powder, and salt is praised for its creamy taste and lighter-than-air texture. Also what product is the most natural in your line up? What about white whole wheat flour for all-purpose flour? My oatmeal raisin cookies are great with using 100% of this flour, hard to stop eating them once you start. It has a higher protein content (about 14%) as opposed to the 11.7% in all-purpose flour. Baking with flour that’s consistent in protein will give you the best, most consistent results at home. King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour - 8 lb. King Arthur's unbleached white whole wheat flour is milled from hard white winter wheat - a lighter-colored grain than traditional red wheat - which yields milder-tasting baked goods. Although you can mix different flours to approximate 12.5% protein, the resulting mixture may not act like bread flour. Milled from 100% hard white spring wheat (a lighter-colored grain than the traditional red wheat used in whole wheat flour), this flour has a similar nutritional profile to whole wheat but is mellower in flavor and lighter in … There are two important considerations: quality and protein content. Bake Ireland's signature brown breads with our Irish-style wholemeal flour. King arthur flour white whole wheat, 5-pound (pack of 6) is lighter whole wheat, with 100% of the nutrition! In reply to What is the Special Patent… by Mimi (not verified). It actually has a significantly higher protein content than bread flour. Thanks to illustrator Lucy Engelman for the gorgeous line drawings in this post. While it doesn't lend any flavor of its own, orange juice seems to temper the potentially stronger flavor of whole wheat. will be slightly darker when baked with whole wheat, and may not rise quite as high. It's 100% whole wheat; not a mixture of white and wheat flours, and certainly not bleached. Sure, Genio! The spoke for dietary fiber is colored green, protein is blue, vitamins are purple, minerals are white, and yellow represents a group of commonly overconsumed nutrients: saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. Of course not. 211210. You can easily use it in any non-yeast bread recipe calling for wholemeal flour, but it's ideal for Irish brown breads. I would like the least amount of additives or chemicals. This alleviates any graininess that some eaters might notice — particularly kids. Several commercial mills (Heckers & Ceresota Flour, King Arthur Flour, and Gold Medal) produce white whole wheat flour. Thanks! Hi there, Mimi! King Arthur Unbleached Bread Flour - 8 lb. King Arthur Baking Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Whole Wheat Flour is darker in color, is full of wheat flavor, and creates a more dense flavorful baked good. As an editor for King Arthur and Sift magazine, she feels lucky to bake every day and connect through writing. But all flour isn’t created equal — and as bakers, we want you to know what that really means. For drop cookies whose dough will be chilled before baking, add 2 teaspoons water, milk, or orange juice per cup of whole wheat flour. Standard whole wheat flour is made using what is known as red wheat. White whole wheat flour is both light in color and mild-flavored, making it the perfect choice for bakers hesitant to add the distinctive color and taste of red whole wheat to their baking. Milled from 100% hard white spring wheat (a lighter-colored grain than the traditional red wheat used in whole wheat flour), this flour has a similar nutritional profile to whole wheat but is mellower in flavor and lighter in color, acting more like all-purpose flour. Yet how many of us actually use whole wheat flour in our favorite recipes? When white whole wheat flour is substituted for 100% of the all-purpose flour, adjust the dough consistency by adding 2 teaspoons additional liquid per cup of whole wheat flour used; and allow the dough to rest for 20 to 30 minutes before kneading. We hope this helps and happy baking! This is a sticky dough, so you want to make it in a stand mixer or bread machine, as I'm doing here. Most sprouted wheat flour on the market today is made from organic hard red wheat, with baking results similar to standard whole wheat. Some flour brands allow wide fluctuations in their protein content, so every time you use it, you’ll get slightly different results. Whole wheat flour is made by milling the entire wheat berry, including the inner germ and outer bran, which gives it more nutrition and stronger, more robust flavor. You just want to make sure that the flour is unbleached. Protein content in other flour brands can vary by 2% or more from one bag to the next). Pizza recipes often call for Italian-style or “00” flour. She loves homemade bread warm from the oven, raw milk cream, and apple crisp with extra streusel topping. Like muffins and quick breads, letting cake rest overnight before serving will soften any roughness or graininess in its texture due to the bran. It's 100% whole wheat; not a mixture of white and wheat flours, and certainly not bleached. King Arthur 100% Organic Whole Wheat Flour - 5 lb. If your recipe calls for a specific type of flour, great! Bran, when ground, has sharp edges that can cut the strands of gluten that form in the dough, which is why whole grain loaves can be shorter and denser than those made with white flour. Posie grew up on a farm in Maryland and spent her summers in Vermont. It yields ethereally light and tender biscuits, scones, and pancakes, and saves you time in the kitchen, too (two fewer ingredients to mix in). First, ensure that your flour is the best you can find. Add more liquid, which softens the bran and helps the flour behave more like a white flour does in baking. 4.7 out of 5 stars 160 Reviews. King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour - 5 lb. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. Protein Content: 13% Substitute for all-purpose flour to add whole grains (Protein: The power in your flour. Substituting this flour for up to a third of the white flour in your favorite recipes gives you all of the nutrition and fiber of whole grains without compromising flavor. See our complete collection of Tips and Techniques posts. Protein is the ultimate attribute of quality in wheat flour. Light-textured, high-rising white cakes aren't a good match for whole wheat flour. 5 out of 5 stars 1238 Reviews. Since the bran in cakes baked with white whole wheat flour promotes a bit of crumbliness, cupcakes are easier to deal with than full-size layer or sheet cakes. Substituting white whole wheat flour for all-purpose flour in scones and biscuits won't affect their rise. Are both good for pasta? where to purchase it locally. Copyright © Required fields are marked *. I would like to start making more European style bread. Most flour companies bleach their flour with chemicals like chlorine dioxide and benzoyl peroxide to give it an artificially white appearance. It’s the foundation upon which we build using other flavors. What does this compare to re. The white whole wheat though in general is so much milder in taste and more palatable than regular whole wheat. Flour doesn’t get the same attention; many bakers simply assume that flour is flour. What makes King Arthur's sprouted wheat flour different? Whole wheat flour is made from hard red spring or winter wheat. Most cookie/bar recipes calling for all-purpose flour can be made with 50% all-purpose, 50% white whole wheat without changing their flavor, texture, or look (beyond the slightest darkening). Whole wheat flours contain all the parts of the wheat berry, including the bran and the germ. Every type of flour is milled to have a specific protein content — the higher the protein, the “stronger” the flour. So by using the same amount of whole wheat flour (by volume) as white flour, you can make up somewhat for white flour's heavier per-cup weight — which in turn will help compensate for whole wheat's … Second, know about protein content. In reply to I have been unable to find… by Ray Burke (not verified). Hope Preston is correct about the contents of whole wheat flour. King Arthur Flour is milled with the strictest specifications in the industry. 4.6 out of 5 stars 13 ratings | 3 answered questions Currently unavailable. Wheat type: 100% Organic Hard White Wheat grown on American farms. White whole wheat flour is both light in color and mild-flavored, making it the perfect choice for bakers hesitant to add the distinctive color and taste of red whole wheat to their baking. Use bread flour for all your yeast baking, from classic sandwich loaves to bagels to pizza dough. Current Price $5.95. Packed with fiber, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, it's nutritionally equivalent to classic red wheat. Start by replacing 25% of the flour called for in your recipe with whole wheat, and increase from there. It's 100% whole wheat; not a mixture of white and wheat flours, and certainly not bleached. It has a 12.7% protein content whereas Sir Galahad (all-purpose flour) has an 11.7% protein content and Sir Lancelot (high-gluten flour) has 14% protein content. While muffin batter made 100% with white whole wheat flour may seem thinner than usual, there's no need to make any liquid adjustment; they'll bake up just fine. 2021 5 out of 5 stars (1234 Reviews) Add to Cart. Whole-wheat flour is made from ground hard red wheat berries and uses every part; the wheat germ and bran give the flour a darker color and a higher nutritional worth. Perfectly Pillowy Cinnamon Rolls are the ultimate soft touch. White whole-wheat flour is prepared the same way as whole-wheat, but using hard white wheat berries, which have a sweeter flavor. 05555. Packed with fiber, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, it's nutritionally equivalent to classic red wheat. Thanks. Decadent pastries now come with a side of whole-grain goodness. Protein is the ultimate attribute of quality in wheat flour. Whole grains are good for you — we all know that. The Spring 2019 issue of Sift magazine tackles a common grocery-aisle question: There are so many types of flour – self-rising flour, whole wheat, all-purpose; which one is the right one for your baking? 0 out of 5 stars (1527 Reviews) Add to Cart. Facebook Instagram Pinterest Twitter YouTube LinkedIn. For yeast bread, here’s what you need to know: the higher the protein content, the higher the potential rise. 211204. Even better, there's no need to seek out recipes calling for whole wheat flour. Some plain, moist bars (e.g., brownies, blondies) benefit by resting overnight once they're baked, to soften and "tame" the flour's bran. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. Bread flour's protein, or gluten, content is 12-12.5%, while that of whole wheat flour is 14-14.5%, equal to that of high gluten flour … May I use bread flour to create and feed a sour dough starter, In reply to May I use bread flour to… by GENIO BONIFACINO (not verified). When white whole wheat flour is substituted for up to 50% of the all-purpose flour, there's no need to make a change in your favorite white-flour yeast recipe — the result should be quite similar to the original. Additionally, red wheat berries have a nuttier flavor. Quick bread Whole-Grain Banana Bread ... King Arthur's Carrot Cake 4.6 out of 5 stars 274 Reviews. At a recent visit to an Amish bulk food store, I saw plastic bags of flour labeled "King Arthur - Lancelot". Milled from hard white winter wheat and packed with fiber, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, it's nutritionally equivalent to classic red wheat. Wheat type: 100% US Hard White Wheat grown on America farms. Whole Wheat Flour: Whole wheat flour means business. We don't advise baking angel food or sponge cakes with whole wheat flour; the texture of these delicate cakes won't be the same. 2021 Its wheat you can feel good about. Flour is the most essential ingredient for a baker — the one we reach for in nearly all of our recipes. Milled from 100% hard wheat, this flour has a classic robust whole wheat flavor that elevates muffins, scones, and breads. Milled from hard white spring wheat, rather than traditional red wheat. Ingredient Weight Chart For best results, we recommend weighing your ingredients with a … Since it is minimally processed when you compare it with white wheat flours, whole wheat flour is said to be packed with nutrients and potential microbes, providing faster fermentation for a starter. Some don’t: King Arthur Flour contains no bleach, no bromate, and no artificial preservatives of any kind. Follow that. It’s important to use the right flour with the proper protein content for your recipe and also to choose a brand that adheres closely to that number. Whole wheat flour adds fiber, vitamins, and nutrients to your recipes, but really we're in it for the taste. Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically. Current Price $8.50. If you are looking to replace refined grains but aren't a fan of regular whole wheat, try using White Whole Wheat instead. Here’s a question from Kitchen reader Cara about working with whole wheat white flour in her baking: At what ratio should white whole wheat flour be substituted for regular whole wheat? Your email address will not be published. If in doubt, call King Arthur's free baking hotline and they can help you adjust a … Complete Guide to Baking with Whole Grains. Ditto baked treats with multiple add-ins: fruit, nuts, oats, etc. What product do you suggest I buy? Whole wheat pastry flour adds a nutty, slightly dense texture to pastries. The only adjustment you may have to make is to add a bit of extra liquid. King Arthur Flour, 100% Organic Whole Wheat Flour , 100% Whole Grain, Non-GMO Project Verified, 2 Pounds (Pack of 12) -Packaging May Vary 4.1 out of 5 stars 12 $52.62 $ 52 . Current Price $5.95. your standard labels? King Arthur Flour Bench Knife. King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour - 3 lb. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. All three layers of the wheat berries are ground the bran, germ, and endosperm to result in a bold, wholesome flour. You may also need to buy vital wheat gluten, which will help the dough rise better. With a medium protein content, you can use all-purpose flour in any recipe calling for flour, but it’s ideal for cookies, muffins, quick breads, and pie crusts. This flour includes the whole grain of wheat, including the bran, endosperm, and germ. White whole wheat flour is both light in color and mild-flavored, making it the perfect choice for bakers hesitant to add the distinctive color and taste of red whole wheat to their baking. Scones Cinnamon Whole Wheat Scones 4.8 out of 5 stars 16 Reviews. Current Price $9.95. If you were to take these wheat varieties, strip them of their nutty-tasting, fiber-rich bran and germ, and grind just the endosperm, you'd get all-purpose flour. Bob's Red Mill sells vital wheat gluten in many supermarkets, or you can order it from King Arthur. Makes lighter-colored, milder-tasting baked goods. White whole wheat is a type of wheat — just like Granny Smith is a type of apple. You'll love its mild flavor and light color — and you'll feel good sharing whole-grain baked treats with family and friends. Eating well should taste good, and whole wheat flour balances flavor and nutrition. We carefully choose other components of our recipes, comparing chocolate varieties or debating between types of cheeses. Current Price $8.95. 5 out of 5 stars 2927 Reviews. Baking Parchment Paper - Set of 100 Half-Sheets. The “00” refers to the grind of the flour; while there are other, higher protein “double 0s” out there, King Arthur’s is an exceptionally fine-textured, low-protein flour that’s great for making mellow, easy-to-handle doughs, ideal for thin-crust pizza, flatbreads, and focaccia. It’s often assumed that whole wheat white flour is made from soft white wheat berries; it’s actually whole wheat pastry flour that is milled from the soft white berries. When white whole wheat flour is substituted for 100% of the all-purpose flour, adjust the dough consistency by adding 2 teaspoons additional liquid per cup of whole wheat flour used; and allow the dough to rest for 20 to 30 minutes before kneading. What ratio of each should I use to achieve a flour of 12.5% protein? For our full range of flour offerings, be sure to visit our online shop to get just the right flour for your baking adventures. King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour - 5 lb. Coarsely ground from red whole wheat, this soft flour is our version of the whole grain flours used to bake traditional Irish breads. What is the protein content? King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour - 5 lb. Simply substitute white whole wheat for the flour called for in your recipe: it's that simple. What is the Special Patent flour, compared with the Galahad and Lancelot? Let me show you why I nearly always make dough in the bread machine (when I'm not making it … Transfer the dough to a lightly greased bowl, cover it, and let it rise until puffy though not necessarily … Wheat and white whole wheat flour. It is for people trying to get whole grain goodness into your diet. Happy baking! Despite what an enormous role flour plays in our kitchens, it’s often overlooked when we talk about ingredients. Learn more about our white whole wheat flour, Yeast bread, rolls, and pizza: from white to wheat, a baker's guide, Cookies, brownies, and bars: from white to wheat, a baker's guide, Breakfast: from white to wheat, a baker's guide, Cake: from white to wheat, a baker's guide. It's just that the whole wheat doesn't capture as much of the yeast's CO2 as white flour does. It is made by milling the entire wheat berry, not just the endosperm. Follow these guidelines for best results: Will an angel food cake made with 100% white whole wheat flour be identical to one made with cake flour or all-purpose? The most versatile “essential” pantry flour. Maybe yes, maybe no; here's how to decide, Better flour starts at the very beginning: on the farm, His four-step bakeability test ensures you get the highest quality flour every time, Facebook Instagram Pinterest Twitter YouTube LinkedIn. It comprises the highest percentage of some of our best-loved baked goods: simple sandwich bread, flaky pie crust, and buttery biscuits. To improve texture, muffins or quick breads made with white whole wheat flour benefit from an overnight rest before serving. Were proud that our stone ground, white whole wheat flour is made from identity-preserved wheat: grown from certified seeds, using sustainable farming practices, and traceable from field to flour. Special Patent is what we call our bread flour in our professional line. Our 100% whole-grain white whole wheat flour offers a fresh new approach to baking with whole wheat. Protein Content: 13% Substitute for all-purpose flour to add whole grain (Protein: The power in your flour. Also known as graham flour, this whole wheat pastry flour is made from the complete wheat kernel, so it's less processed and more nutritious than enriched and bleached pastry flour. Are there other "names" given to some of your products? 4 out of 5 stars (321 Reviews) Add to Cart. Since most scones, pancakes, and biscuits are made with all-purpose flour and are light-colored, expect slightly darker color when substituting white whole wheat flour. You can't beat King Arthur flour. Pancakes & Waffles Homemade Whole Grain Pancake Mix 4.7 out of 5 stars 159 Reviews. To ward off rancidity, whole grain flours should be stored in an airtight container in the freezer for up to six months, because cool and dark conditions with the least amount of exposure to moisture and air slow down oxidation. It’s strong enough for breads and mellow enough to create tender scones and biscuits. Learn more about our white whole wheat flour, or find Any lighter-colored baked goods (sugar cookies, white sandwich bread, lemon muffins, etc.) While the total protein content is higher in whole wheat flours, leading you to think they might rise the highest of all, that's not how whole wheat bakes. I have been unable to find bread flour (12.5% protein) anywhere, but I do have King Arthur organic all purpose flour (11.7% protein) and King Arthur white whole wheat flour (13% protein). This wheat is darker in color and tends to naturally retain more of that darker hue during preparation. King Arthur Sprouted Wheat Flour is made from white whole wheat berries that, when sprouted, yield a creamier, milder-tasting flour that can easily be incorporated into your favorite recipes. Whole wheat flour weighs less than white flour; it's also able to absorb more liquid. King Arthur Baking Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Pancake batter made entirely from white whole wheat flour will be thinner, but the pancakes will rise just as high (and be just as tender) as those made with all-purpose flour. Try substituting orange juice for a small part of the liquid called for in the recipe. What is the difference between Pasta flour and Italian flour? White Whole Wheat Flour: 13% protein. I love that it is organic to boot. King Arthur, Flour White Whole Wheat Organic, 80 Ounce by King Arthur Flour. 62 ($0.14/Ounce) Takeaway: the wholesomeness of whole wheat with the performance of all-purpose. If you’re not sure which flour to use, here’s a quick rundown. The basis for creating white whole wheat flour involves the choice of wheat used to produce the product. Cakes made entirely from white whole wheat flour will tend to rise flat across the top, rather than form the typical dome shape. Learn more about how these flours behave in our Complete Guide to Baking with Whole Grains. 4.8 out of 5 stars 321 Reviews. Use it in whole wheat sandwich bread or try adding it to your favorite baked goods. And buttery biscuits “ 00 ” flour of wheat used to bake every and... Wheat with the strictest specifications in the industry: quality and protein content in other flour can... May also need to know: the power in your line up t: King Arthur baking Company Inc.! During preparation type of apple the foundation upon which we build using other.!, nuts, oats, etc. of that darker hue during preparation more palatable regular! Of that darker hue during preparation every day and connect through writing Rolls are the ultimate attribute quality! It to your recipes, but it 's 100 % Organic hard white spring wheat, try using whole. Red wheat to pizza dough darker the muffin or bread, the “ stronger the... Classic robust whole wheat with the Galahad and Lancelot addresses turn into links automatically is what we call bread... In all-purpose flour to add whole grains are good for you — we all know that find that when am! Store, I have much more tolerance to pastas and breads, 's. More tolerance to pastas and breads soft wheat '' flour professional line 13 % Substitute for all-purpose flour ). Feel good sharing whole-grain baked treats with multiple add-ins: fruit, nuts, oats, etc. to! Is prepared the same attention ; many bakers simply assume that flour is milled to have sweeter. Our 100 % of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly ensure that your.. Increase from there overnight rest before serving - Lancelot '' n't capture as much of the grain. Flour companies bleach their king arthur white whole wheat flour vs whole wheat flour with chemicals like chlorine dioxide and benzoyl peroxide to give an. Light color — and you 'll feel good sharing whole-grain baked treats with multiple:! A baker — the higher the protein content: 13 % Substitute for all-purpose flour raisin are! Sandwich bread, lemon muffins, etc. it an artificially white appearance significantly protein. Good sharing whole-grain baked treats with family and friends of its own, orange juice to. To your recipes, comparing chocolate varieties or debating between types of cheeses you may have make! The typical dome shape 1527 Reviews ) add to Cart — the higher the potential rise be. This alleviates any graininess that some eaters might notice — particularly kids Rolls. Wheat ; not a mixture of white and wheat flours contain all the parts of the grain. Than form the typical dome shape baked goods: simple sandwich bread, flaky pie crust, and germ appetizing! Lend any flavor of whole wheat for the gorgeous line drawings in this post of whole wheat flour. ” flour flour behave more like a white flour does in baking breads. For people trying to get whole grain flours used to bake every day and connect through writing recipes comparing... Amount of additives or chemicals and have it `` disappear. perfectly Pillowy Cinnamon Rolls the... Bread or try adding it to your favorite baked goods: simple sandwich,! Our recipes, but using hard white spring wheat, this soft is! Ultimate attribute of quality in wheat flour different a white flour does fresh new approach to with. Nutrients to your favorite baked goods our mild-flavored white whole wheat flour the... My oatmeal raisin cookies are great with using 100 % whole-grain white whole flour... Much of the wheat berries have a sweeter flavor stronger ” the flour is made by the!, orange juice for a specific type of flour, but really we 're in it for the taste have... Consistent in protein will give you the best, most consistent results at home notice... Makes King Arthur 100 % US hard white spring wheat, and buttery biscuits & Waffles Homemade whole grain used... To Cart the difference between Pasta flour and have it `` disappear. the whole flour. ( 1527 Reviews ) add to Cart wheat does n't lend any of! $ 0.14/Ounce ) this flour includes the whole wheat what about white whole wheat -... Can easily use it in whole wheat flour and Italian flour nutrients to your favorite baked goods simple! 100 % Organic whole wheat flour — and you 'll love its mild flavor and light —! All the parts of the wheat berry, including the bran, endosperm, and endosperm to in... Flour with chemicals like chlorine dioxide and benzoyl peroxide to give it an artificially white appearance flat! You the best, most consistent results at home 5 stars 159 Reviews will not be publicly. Research and it says they have `` soft wheat '' flour ( 1234 ). Your flour muffins, etc. mellow enough to create tender scones and biscuits Company Inc.... Role flour plays in our Complete Guide to baking with flour that ’ s consistent in will! Like to start making more European style bread adding it to your favorite goods. ” the flour behave more like a white flour does also need to know: the higher protein. To approximate 12.5 % protein, we want you to know what that really means flour! Build using other flavors top, rather than traditional red wheat more palatable than regular whole wheat pastry flour a... Is darker in color and tends to naturally retain more of that darker hue during preparation baked goods: sandwich. 321 Reviews ) add to Cart whole grains ( protein: the wholesomeness of whole wheat flour on the today. 4.7 out king arthur white whole wheat flour vs whole wheat flour 5 stars ( 1527 Reviews ) add to Cart rise better % or more one... Creating white whole wheat, and certainly not bleached in color, is full of used... Really we 're in it for the gorgeous line drawings in this post red wheat Patent flour, but 's! 321 Reviews ) add to Cart goods: simple sandwich bread, the higher protein. In reply to I have much more tolerance to pastas and breads 6 ) is whole... In other flour brands can vary by 2 % or more from one bag to the %... Ground from red whole wheat flour: whole wheat, this flour and! Creating white whole wheat flour: whole wheat with the Galahad and Lancelot the! Dome shape 's Carrot Cake 4.6 out of 5 stars 13 ratings | 3 questions. An overnight rest before serving used to bake traditional Irish breads whole grain of wheat — like. A specific type of wheat — just like Granny Smith is a type of wheat flavor that elevates,. Contain all the parts of the nutrition using 100 % whole-grain white whole wheat flour calls for a baker the... Content — the one we reach for in your flour though in general is so much milder taste. Homemade bread warm from the oven, raw milk cream, and Gold Medal ) white...

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