It was at the school that Wordsworth was to meet the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who would be his future wife. They walked in the area for about two hours every day, and the nearby hills consoled Dorothy as she pined for the fells of her native Lakeland. Dorothy Wordsworth ( his sister), Mary Wordsworth (his wife), Catherine, Thomas and Dora Wordsworth ( his children), Sara Hutchinson (Mary's sister) and Hartley Coleridge (son of S.T. For two years from 1795, William and his sister Dorothy lived at Racedown House in Dorset—a property of the Pinney family—to the west of Pilsdon Pen. Financial problems and Britain's tense relations with France forced him to return to England alone the following year. Wordsworth was Poet Laureate from 1843 until his death from pleurisy on 23 April 1850. Her first and only film in Hungary, Mezei próféta (1947) ("Prophet of the Fields"), was banned by communist censorship. Death: January 17, 1859 (88) Rydal, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. The two poets quickly developed a close friendship. Movies & TV. The second edition, published in 1800, had only Wordsworth listed as the author, and included a preface to the poems. Dora Wordsworth (16 August 1804 – 9 July 1847). Wordsworth was taught both the Bible and the Spectator, but little else. The following year, Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased William and Mary: Read more about this topic:  William Wordsworth, “It appears that ordinary men take wives because possession is not possible without marriage, and that ordinary women accept husbands because marriage is not possible without possession; with totally differing aims the method is the same on both sides.”—Thomas Hardy (1840–1928), “Children belong in families, which, ideally, serve as a sanctuary and a cushion from the world at large. Actually her life up to that point had been marked by confusion and tragedy. [4], Wordsworth was taught to read by his mother and attended, first, a tiny school of low quality in Cockermouth, then a school in Penrith for the children of upper-class families, where he was taught by Ann Birkett, who insisted on instilling in her students traditions that included pursuing both scholarly and local activities, especially the festivals around Easter, May Day and Shrove Tuesday. This was the immediate cause of the brother and sister's settling at Dove Cottage in Grasmere in the Lake District, this time with another poet, Robert Southey, nearby. On top of that was the grief she displayed the day before William’s wedding to their childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. Emily Brontë. The poem has been divided into three stanzas having 10 lines each. The Prospectus contains some of Wordsworth's most famous lines on the relation between the human mind and nature: ... my voice proclaims She met fourth husband, actor Curd Jurgens, while co-starring with him in the German film The Last Waltz (1953). In this way, it wouldn’t be wrong if we say that William Wordsworth is the father of Romanticism. His sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the … The external World is fitted to the Mind; [8] During the harsh winter of 1798–99 Wordsworth lived with Dorothy in Goslar, and, despite extreme stress and loneliness, began work on the autobiographical piece that was later titled The Prelude. He received his BA degree in 1791. William Wordsworth was all too familiar with loss. William Wordsworth Marriage, Affairs and Children. Wordsworth regretted his inability to fluently read modern poetic languages such as … The sudden death of his daughter Dora in 1847 at age 42 was difficult for the aging poet to take and in his depression, he completely gave up writing new material. Wordsworth has appeared as a character in works of fiction, including: Isaac Asimov's 1966 novelisation of the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage sees Dr. Peter Duval quoting Wordsworth's The Prelude as the miniaturised submarine sails through the cerebral fluid surrounding a human brain, comparing it to the "strange seas of thought". That same year he began attending St John's College, Cambridge. Is fitted:—and how exquisitely, too— It features three central characters: the Wanderer; the Solitary; who has experienced the hopes and miseries of the French Revolution; and the Pastor, who dominates the last third of the poem. William Wordsworth was a famous English poet who played a central role in the English Romantic Movement. The Reign of Terror left Wordsworth thoroughly disillusioned with the French Revolution and the outbreak of armed hostilities between Britain and France prevented him from seeing Annette and his daughter for some years. [8] Dorothy continued to live with the couple and grew close to Mary. Wordsworth and his wife planted this field of daffodils near their home after their daughter Dora's death from tuberculosis. His widow, Mary, published his lengthy autobiographical "Poem to Coleridge" as The Prelude several months after his death. Wordsworth’s magnum opus (his masterpiece) is considered to be The Prelude, published by his wife, Mary, in the year of his death, months after he expired. [6] He returned to Hawkshead for the first two summers of his time at Cambridge, and often spent later holidays on walking tours, visiting places famous for the beauty of their landscape. William Wordsworth died at home at Rydal Mount from an aggravated case of pleurisy on 23 April 1850,[29][30] and was buried at St Oswald's Church, Grasmere. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was a major Romantic poet, based in the Lake District, England. (And the progressive powers perhaps no less The Wordsworth never could approve of Coleridge’s neglect of his wife to pursue Sara Hutchinson (whose sister Mary became Mrs. William Wordsworth), … Devastated by the death of his daughter Dora in 1847, Wordsworth seemingly lost his will to compose poems. The death of his brother John, also in 1805, affected him strongly and may have influenced his decisions about these works. John Wordsworth. Up to this point, Wordsworth was known only for Lyrical Ballads, and he hoped that this new collection would cement his reputation. The following year saw the passing of James Hogg. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). On 4 October, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson. In November 1791, Wordsworth visited Revolutionary France and became enchanted with the Republican movement. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). The second stanza describes Mary as his wife. After its release, Bartok divorced Paal and in 1951 married the publicist William Wordsworth. It is said that William Wordsworth wrote this poem for his wife, Mary Hutchinson. [28]) In 1842, the government awarded him a Civil List pension of £300 a year. He wrote a number of other famous poems in Goslar, including "The Lucy poems". He is best known for ushering in the Romantic Age in English Literature with the joint publication of ‘Lyrical Ballads’ with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798. William was the second son of John Wordsworth, attorney-at-law and law-agent to Sir James Lowther, afterwards Earl of Lonsdale. Three months after his death, Wordsworth's wife Mary published "The Prelude". He is remembered as a poet of spiritual and epistemological speculation, a poet concerned with the human relationship to nature and a fierce advocate of using the vocabulary and speech patterns of common people in poetry. How exquisitely the individual Mind William was also allowed to use his father's library. Marriage. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey came to be known as the "Lake Poets". SPOUSE. It was also in 1795 that he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Somerset. In 1802, Lowther's heir, William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, paid the ₤4,000 debt owed to Wordsworth's father incurred through Lowther's failure to pay his aide. This religious conservatism also colours The Excursion (1814), a long poem that became extremely popular during the nineteenth century. ‘Perfect Woman’, sometimes known by its first line, ‘She was a phantom of delight’, is a poem William Wordsworth (1770-1850) wrote in 1804 about his wife, Mary Hutchinson. The rebuff was not received lightly by Wordsworth and the play was not published until 1842, after substantial revision.[17]. Dora Wordsworth. [31] Though it failed to interest people at the time, it has since come to be widely recognised as his masterpiece. Some modern critics[22] suggest that there was a decline in his work beginning around the mid-1810s, perhaps because most of the concerns that characterised his early poems (loss, death, endurance, separation and abandonment) had been resolved in his writings and his life. [19] It was this repayment that afforded Wordsworth the financial means to marry. In 1804 he began expanding this autobiographical work, having decided to make it a prologue rather than an appendix. These delight me the most as they remind me of our native wilds. Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). He remarked in 1812 that he was willing to shed his blood for the established Church of England, reflected in his Ecclesiastical Sketches of 1822. Taylor Swift's 2020 album Folklore mentions Wordsworth in her bonus track "The Lakes", which is thought to be about the Lake District. The purpose of the visit was to prepare Annette for the fact of his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. Eva Bartok, Actress: The Crimson Pirate. Its reception was lukewarm, however. Thomas Wordsworth (15 June 1806 – 1 December 1812). The new text includes ampler consideration of Wordsworth’s wife and sister, and an updated frame of critical references. It was posthumously titled and published by his wife in the year of his death, before which it was generally known as "the poem to Coleridge". Mary Ann Dolan (d. after 1858) had one daughter Dora (b.1858). Previous Next . In 1810, Wordsworth and Coleridge were estranged over the latter's opium addiction,[8] and in 1812, his son Thomas died at the age of 6, six months after the death of 3-year-old Catherine. Upon Caroline's marriage, in 1816, Wordsworth settled £30 a year on her (equivalent to £2,313 as of 2019), payments which continued until 1835, when they were replaced by a capital settlement.[9][10]. The first stanza describes the romantic phase of seeing his beloved. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest, who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who went to sea and died in 1805 when the ship of which he was captain, the Earl of Abergavenny, was wrecked off the south coast of England; and Christopher, the youngest, who entered the Church and rose to be Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. Ideally they act as filters, guiding their children and teaching them to avoid the tempting trash.”—Louise Hart (20th century). Early life of William Wordsworth. The Wordsworth family home, Cockermouth: but the building belonged to Sir James Lowther. In 1814 Wordsworth published The Excursion as the second part of the three-part work The Recluse, even though he had not completed the first part or the third part, and never did. In 1795 he received a legacy of £900 from Raisley Calvert and became able to pursue a career as a poet. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon. Wordsworth, Dorothy and Coleridge travelled to Germany in the autumn of 1798. Thomas Wordsworth. [8][27] (It has been argued that Wordsworth was a great influence on Keble's immensely popular book of devotional poetry, The Christian Year (1827). He initially refused the honour, saying that he was too old, but accepted when the Prime Minister, Robert Peel, assured him that "you shall have nothing required of you". She gave birth to their daughter in December 1792. In 1799 Dorothy and William Wordsworth moved to Dove Cottage in Grasmere, in the Lake District. [8] Afterwards he wrote the sonnet "It is a beauteous evening, calm and free", recalling a seaside walk with the 9-year-old Caroline, whom he had never seen before that visit. Can it be called) which they with blended might [32], "Wordsworth" redirects here. Mary was anxious that Wordsworth should do more for Caroline. William Wordsworth Marriage. William Wordsworth - William Wordsworth - Late work: In 1808 Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. [14] It was augmented significantly in the next edition, published in 1802. His father was a lawyer. Wordsworth's Grave Final resting place of William and Mary Wordsworth. Annette Vallon was his first wife. [8] The circumstances of his return and his subsequent behaviour raised doubts as to his declared wish to marry Annette. By the time of their association, Stewart had published an ambitious work of original materialist philosophy entitled The Apocalypse of Nature (London, 1791), to which many of Wordsworth's philosophical sentiments may well be indebted. It was at the school in Penrith that he met the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who later became his wife.[5]. His greatest work was “The Prelude” – dedicated to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. He wrote many of his best works there. Of the whole species) to the external World Immediate Family: Daughter of John Hutchinson and Mary Hutchinson (Monkhouse) Wife of William Wordsworth. [3] However, he did encourage William in his reading, and in particular set him to commit large portions of verse to memory, including works by Milton, Shakespeare and Spenser. In 1837, the Scottish poet and playwright Joanna Baillie reflected on her long acquaintance with Wordsworth. Despite the death of many contemporaries, the popularity of his poetry ensured a steady stream of young friends and admirers to replace those he lost. In 1838, Wordsworth received an honorary doctorate in Civil Law from the University of Durham and the following year he was awarded the same honorary degree by the University of Oxford, when John Keble praised him as the "poet of humanity", praise greatly appreciated by Wordsworth. While Coleridge was intellectually stimulated by the journey, its main effect on Wordsworth was to produce homesickness. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). He fell in love with a French woman, Annette Vallon, who, in 1792, gave birth to their daughter Caroline. (a) Classicism (b) Romanticism (c) University Wits (d) Metaphysical. [16], Between 1795–1797, Wordsworth wrote his only play, The Borderers, a verse tragedy set during the reign of King Henry III of England, when Englishmen in the North Country came into conflict with Scottish border reivers. In particular, while he was in revolutionary Paris in 1792, the 22-year-old Wordsworth made the acquaintance of the mysterious traveller John "Walking" Stewart (1747–1822),[20] who was nearing the end of his thirty years of wandering, on foot, from Madras, India, through Persia and Arabia, across Africa and Europe, and up through the fledgling United States. Sometimes parents are a channel to the larger society, sometimes they are a shield from it. [15] In this preface, which some scholars consider a central work of Romantic literary theory, Wordsworth discusses what he sees as the elements of a new type of verse, one that is based on the ordinary language "really used by men" while avoiding the poetic diction of much 18th-century verse. William Wordsworth was associated with which movement? In 1790 he went on a walking tour of Europe, during which he toured the Alps extensively, and visited nearby areas of France, Switzerland, and Italy.[7]. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was an English poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, launched the Romantic Age in English literature with the joint publication of Lyrical Ballads in 1798. [13] The volume gave neither Wordsworth's nor Coleridge's name as author. After returning to … The poem is a classic example of uxorious poetry – poetry written about the love for a wife – and although its meaning is fairly straightforward, a… The second of five children born to John Wordsworth and Ann Cookson, William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in what is now named Wordsworth House in Cockermouth, Cumberland,[1] part of the scenic region in northwestern England known as the Lake District. However, he supported her and his daughter as best he could in later life. Coleridge and Charles Lamb both died in 1834, their loss being a difficult blow to Wordsworth. Wordsworth became depressed and died of “aggravated case of pleurisy” three years later in 1850. Wordsworth made his debut as a writer in 1787 when he published a sonnet in The European Magazine. Penrith, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. In 1802 William Wordsworth was again married to his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson,in the following year Mary give birth to the first of five children. With the Peace of Amiens again allowing travel to France, in 1802 Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy visited Annette and Caroline in Calais. William's sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the following year, and the two were baptised together. She wrote, "We have hills which, seen from a distance almost take the character of mountains, some cultivated nearly to their summits, others in their wild state covered with furze and broom. It was this repayment that afforded Wordswoth the financial means to marry, and on October 4, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married a childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. Married four times: Isabella Curwen (died 1848) had six children: Jane, Henry, William, John, Charles and Edward. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon. 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